NOLS
Tuesday, 24 May 2016


 
Research


Research Reports: Health and Risk

These studies look at outdoor program incident, accident, and illness epidemiology, energy balance (expenditure and consumption), lightning risks, avalanche risks, and safety equipment for camping in bear country.

HEALTH AND RISK PUBLICATIONS

Ocobock, C. (accepted for publication). The Allocation and Interaction Model: A new model for predicting total energy expenditure of highly active humans in natural environments. American Journal of Human Biology.

Totten, J.E., Brock, D.M., Schimelpfenig, T.D., Hopkin, J.L., & Colven, R.M. (2015). Prolonged exposure dermatitis: reporting high incidence of an undiagnosed facial dermatosis on a winter wilderness expedition. Wilderness& Environmental Medicine, 26, 525-530.

Beasley, H., Ng, P., McIntosh, S.E., Wheeler, A. & Smith, W.R. (2015). The impact of freeze-thaw cycles on epinephrine. Wilderness & Environmental Medicine, 26, 94–97.

Gookin, J., Smith, T., & Williams, A. (2014). A device for refilling practice bear spray canisters. Human-Wildlife Interactions, 8(2), 279-283.

Gookin, J. (2013). Electric fences for short term food storage in grizzly bear habitat. Poster presented at the 22nd International Conference on Bear Research and Management (IBA), September 2013, Provo, UT.

Johnson, D.E., Schimelpfenig, T. Hubbell, F., Frizzell, L., Nicolazzo, P., McEvoy, D., Weil, C., Cull, A., & Kimmel, N. (2013). Minimum guidelines and scope of practice for Wilderness First Aid. Wilderness Emergency Medicine, 24, 456-462. 

Hamonko, M.T., McIntosh, S.E., Schimelpfenig, T. & Leemon, D. (2011). Injuries related to hiking with a pack during National Outdoor Leadership School courses: A risk factor analysis. Wilderness and Emergency Medicine, 22, 2-6.

Holly, H., McIntosh, S., Schimelpfenig, T. & Leemon, D. (2011). Prevalence of high altitude illness on NOLS adventure courses. Proceedings from the Wilderness Medical Society Scientific Conference & Annual Meeting. Snowmass, CO. 

Kroll, N., McIntosh, S., Schimelpfenig, T. & Leemon, D. (2011). Asthma in the wilderness. Proceedings from the Wilderness Medical Society Scientific Conference & Annual Meeting. Snowmass, CO. 

McIntosh, S.E., Guercio, B., Tabin, G.C., Leemon, D. & Schimelpfenig, T. (2011). Ultraviolet keratitis among mountaineers and outdoor recreationalists. Wilderness and Environmental Medicine 22, 144-147.  

Ocobock, C., Gookin, J. & Baynes, S. (2011). Energy balance assessment of students on a NOLS course. Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education and Leadership, 3(2): 105-107.

McIntosh, S.E., Leemon, D., Visitacion, J., Schimelpfenig, T. & Fosnocht, D. (2007). Medical incidents and evacuations on wilderness expeditions. Wilderness & Emergency Medicine, 18, 298-304. 

Karsky, D., Barber, K., Gookin, J., Kees, G., and Claar, J. (2007). Specifications for portable electric fence systems as alternative methods for food storage. Tech Tip 0723–2305P–MTDC. Missoula, MT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Missoula Technology and Development Center. 10 p.

National Park Service. (2007). Portable electric bear fence brochure.

Leemon, D. & Schimelpfenig, T. (2003). Wilderness injury, illness and evacuation: National Outdoor Leadership School's incident profiles 1999-2002. Wilderness and Environmental Medicine, 14, 174-182. 

Monz, C. & Schimelpfenig. T. (1997). An analysis of the medical review process at NOLS. Unpublished report. 9 pp.

Gentile, D.A., Morris, J.A., Schimelpfenig, T., Bass, S.M., & Auerbach, P.S. (1992). Wilderness Injuries and Illnesses.  Annals of Emergency Medicine, 21(7), 110/853-118/861. 

Summaries of some of these publications are available here: 

New model for predicting total energy expenditure (AJHB 2015) 524
Effects of freeze-thaw cycles on epinephrine (WEM 2015) 561
Energy expenditure in the backcountry (ROE 2014) 1182
A device for refilling practice bear spray canisters (HWI 2014) 1259
Electric fences for short term food storage in grizzly bear habitat (IBA 2013) 1280
Guidelines for Wilderness First Aid curriculum (WEMJ 2013) 1922
Energy balance assessment of students on a NOLS course (JOREL 2011) 1147
Injuries related to hiking with a pack (WEMJ 2011) 3108
Asthma in the wilderness (WMS Conference 2011) 2728
Prevalence of altitude illness on NOLS courses (WMS Conf 2011) 2346
Ultraviolet keratitis at NOLS (WEMJ 2011) 2632
Medical incidents and evacuations on wilderness expeditions (WEMJ 2007) 4538
Portable electric fence for food storage (USDA MTDC 2007) 4094
Portable electric bear fence brochure (NPS 2007) 3741
Wilderness injury, illness and evacuation (WEMJ 2003) 1918
An analysis of the medical review process at NOLS (1997) 3014
Wilderness injuries and illnesses (Annals Emerg Med 1992) 1959
Lightning safety (Multiple articles by Gookin et al. 2000 - 2010) 15033
Avalanche (Multiple articles by McCammon et al. 2000 - 2008) 3497
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